Copyright © Hazel E. Nelson. Used with permission.
From the NART-R source:
The NART-R is administered by giving the subject the list of 61* words and asking him to read each word aloud: “I want you to read slowly down this list of words starting here [indicate “DEBT” *] and continuing down this column and on to the next. I must warn you that there are many words that you probably won’t recognize, in fact most people don’t know them, so just guess at these, O.K.? Go ahead.”
The subject should be encouraged to guess, and all responses should be reinforced (“good”, “that’s fine”, etc.). The subject may change a response if he wishes to do so, but if more than one version is given the subject must decide which is his final choice. No time limit is imposed. If the subject becomes frustrated, encourage him to continue to the end. At the end of the task, if the subject wants more information, the examiner should feel free to tell the subject the correct pronunciation and/or meaning of each word (definitions are shown below). If a subject asks for feedback in the middle of the task, simply tell him that you have to wait until he reaches the end of the task.
The examiner indicates on the scoring form whether or not each word was pronounced correctly. It is OK to stop the subject and ask him to slow down if he is reading the words too quickly. Subjects should not be penalized for minor variations from the exact pronunciation: because of the irregular, non-phonetic, spelling of the words, it should be obvious when the subject is not familiar with the written form of the target word. At the end of the task, sum the number of errors and the number of correct items. It is very important the subject attempt all of the items. If the subject refuses to complete the entire task, do not score the task.
* First word is DEBT in the NART-R but CHORD in the NART. There are 61 words in the NART-R but 50 in the NART.
Definitions from the New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Pronunciations written in IPA, in British English, from:
†1 Agreement, reconciliation; an agreement, a peace treaty. Only in me.
†2 = accord n. 4. lme–m17.
†3 Mus. A concord; in pl., the notes added to a bass to make up a chord (sense 4). l16–m18.
4 Mus. A group of notes sounded usu. together, combined according to some system. m18.
1 Anat. = cord n.1 3, esp. in spinal chord, vocal chord m16.
2 A straight line joining the extremities of an arc. Cf. earlier cord n.1 5. l16.
b Aeronaut. The width of an aerofoil from leading to trailing edge. e20.
†3 = cord n.1 1. m17–e19.
4 The string of a harp or other instrument. Chiefly poet. or fig. m17.
5 Engin. Either of the two principal members of the truss of a bridge. l19.
Form a chord (with); harmonize.
A continuous or prolonged dull pain, physical or mental.
aches and pains colloq. minor ailments and physical discomforts.
1 †a The action or an act of depositing. rare. l18–m19.
b A deposit, a collection, a store. Now spec. (transf. f. sense 4 below) a localized accumulation of a substance in the body. m19.
2 A military establishment at which stores are deposited, recruits or other troops assembled, or, formerly, prisoners of war confined; esp. a regimental headquarters. l18.
3 A place where goods etc. are deposited or stored, often for later dispatch; a storehouse, an emporium. l18.
b A place where vehicles, locomotives, etc., are housed and maintained and from which they are dispatched for service; N. Amer. a railway or bus station. m19.
4 A site in the body at which a particular substance naturally concentrates or is deposited. e20.
1 A wing or lateral division of a church; a part parallel to, and usu. divided by pillars from, the main nave, choir, or transept. See also cross- aisle. lme.
2 A passage between rows of pews or seats; a passage between cabinets and shelves of goods in a supermarket etc. m18.
3 Any architectural division of a church. m18.
1 A bunch of flowers, esp. a large attractive one for use at a ceremony. e18.
b fig. A compliment. e20.
2 The perfume of wine etc. m19.
3 bouquet garni /"gA:ni/ [Fr., lit. ‘garnished bouquet’], a bunch of herbs for flavouring. m19.
4 A number of rockets etc. fired together. l19.
1 A sacred song that is or may be sung in religious worship; a hymn. Also, any song or ode of a sacred or serious character. oe.
2 spec. Any of the sacred songs traditionally held to have been composed by King David, contained in the Book of Psalms, a book of the Old Testament and Hebrew Scriptures, used in both Jewish and Christian worship; a version or paraphrase of any of these, esp. as set for metrical chanting. In pl. (treated as sing.) (P-), the Book of Psalms. oe.
A n. 1 A castrated domestic cock (usu. one fattened for eating). Cf. poulard. loe.
†2 A eunuch. me–l17.
3 A dull-witted person. obs. exc. dial. m16.
†4 A billet-doux. Cf. poulet. rare (Shakes.). Only in l16.
5 A kind of fish, esp. a red herring. dial. m17.
B v.t. Make a capon of; castrate. l16.
1 (A) refusal of what is asked, offered, etc. lme–e17.
2 (A) contradiction of a statement; negation. m16–e17.
1 Contradict (a statement or allegation); declare to be untrue or untenable. me.
2 Logic. Assert the contradictory of (a proposition). lme.
3 Refuse to admit the truth of (a doctrine etc.); refuse to admit the existence or reality of. lme.
4 Refuse to recognize or acknowledge (a person or thing) as having a certain character or certain claims; disown, disavow, repudiate. lme.
5 Withhold (a thing requested, claimed, or desired); refuse to give or grant. (Foll. by to a person, or w. indirect obj.) lme.
b Refuse access to (a person sought). m17.
6 Refuse the request or demand of (a person). Formerly also, reject (a candidate). lme.
†b Refuse admittance to (a visitor). l16–m18.
7 Refuse to be or do. obs. exc. Sc. lme.
8 Refuse permission to or for; forbid (to do, the doing of). Now rare. lme.
†9 Refuse to take or accept. lme–e18.
10 refl. Refrain from the gratification of desire; be abstinent. lme.
1 A feeling of sickness, with loathing of food and inclination to vomit. lme.
b Seasickness. m18.
2 transf. A strong feeling of disgust, loathing, or aversion. e17.
3 Something causing sickness or loathing. m17.
1 Something owed or due; something (as money, goods, or service) which one person is under an obligation to pay or render to another. me.
b spec. In biblical translations and allusions: an offence requiring atonement, a sin. me.
2 A liability or obligation to pay or render something; the condition of being so liable or obligated. me.
†3 (One’s) duty. Chiefly Sc. me–l16.
1 Having manners such as befit the court of a prince; polite, kind, considerate, in manner or approach. me.
†2 Of a superior: gracious. me–e19.
3 Of a deed, quality, etc.: appropriate to a courteous person, showing courtesy. me.
1 v.t. & (rare) i. Make or become thin, esp. by expansion; make or become less dense or solid. lme.
2 v.t. fig. Make less material; make (an idea, argument, etc.) more subtle; refine, purify. l16.
A adj. 1 a Of evidence, signs, etc.: of uncertain or doubtful significance. m16.
b Of sentiments, an attitude, etc.: undecided. l18.
2 Capable of more than one interpretation; ambiguous. l16.
†b Of a person: expressing himself or herself in equivocal terms. rare (Shakes.). Only in e17.
3 Of uncertain nature. m17.
†4 Equal in name but not in reality. m17–m18.
5 Of a person, condition, tendency, etc.: questionable, suspicious; of doubtful merit or character. l18.
†B n. An equivocal term; a homonym. m17–m18.
1 Unaffected, unconsciously artless. Also, foolishly credulous, simple. m17.
b Of art etc.: straightforward in style, eschewing subtlety or conventional technique. Cf. primitive a. 9. m20.
2 Med. & Psychol. Not having had a particular experience before, or been the subject of a particular experiment; lacking the knowledge to guess the purpose of an experiment; esp. not having taken or received a particular drug. (Foll. by to.) m20.
1 In pl. & †sing. The subterranean cemetery of St Sebastian near Rome, consisting of galleries or passages with recesses excavated in the sides for tombs. oe.
2 In pl. The many other Roman subterranean galleries; similar works elsewhere. m17.
3 sing. A single crypt or gallery in such works. rare. e18.
4 transf. A (wine) cellar. l18.
|GAOLED||dʒeɪld||variant of jailed
B v.t. Imprison; put in or as in jail. e17.
|WED, OALD, d suffix|
Any of various pungently aromatic dwarf labiate shrubs of the genus Thymus; esp. T. vulgaris (more fully garden thyme), a low erect Mediterranean plant cultivated as a pot-herb, and T. praecox (more fully wild thyme), a mat-forming plant of heaths, hill grassland, etc.; collect. the leaves of garden thyme, used as a flavouring. Also (w. specifying wd), any of several related or similar plants.
1 A person receiving or entitled by law to receive property or rank as the successor or legal representative of the former owner. me.
2 transf. & fig. A person possessing or entitled to possess any gift or quality, orig. in succession to another. Now usu., a person to whom something, as joy, punishment, etc., is morally due. me.
†3 fig. An offspring, product. lme–l16.
Inherit; be or make heir to; acquire by inheritance or succession.
1 †a Math. A root of a number. l16–e18.
b Math. & Computing. = base n.1 7. l18.
†2 Astrol. & Astron. A fact used as a basis of calculation, as a nativity, a position of a planet, etc. e17–l18.
3 A thing in which something originates; a source. e17.
†4 Philol. An original word or form from which other words are derived. m17–l18.
|ASSIGNATE||ˈæsɪɡneɪt||adjective – obsolete; very rare! From the full Oxford
[Etymology: Latin assignātus: see assignat n.]
[Quotations: 1471 G. Ripley "Compound of Alchymy" (Ashm. 1652) v. 150 Blacknes..ys Of kyndly Commyxyon to the tokyn assygnate.]
|NART notation as′-ig-nāt; my IPA adaptation from that and WED/OALD assignation, prelate|
1 A physical break in continuity; a gaping chasm; an opening, an aperture. rare in gen. sense. m16.
b Anat. Any of various natural openings or gaps. Usu. w. specifying wd. l19.
2 A gap or break in continuity, esp. in a series or an account; a missing link in a chain of events; esp. in Geol. (the time value of) a break or unconformity in the stratigraphic sequence. e17.
b Logic. A missing link in a chain of argument, a gap in reasoning or evidence. m19.
3 Gram. & Pros. A break between two vowels which come together without an intervening consonant in successive words or syllables. e18.
1 Not easily grasped, understood, or perceived; now esp., so delicate or precise as to elude observation or analysis. Formerly also, intricate, abstruse. me.
b Working secretly, taking effect imperceptibly; insidious. e17.
2 (Of a person) skilful, expert, dexterous; (of a thing) ingenious, cleverly designed, skilfully contrived. arch. me.
3 Penetrating, perceptive, acute; capable of making fine distinctions. me.
4 Crafty, cunning; insidiously sly, deceitful. Long rare or obs. me.
†b Of ground: tricky. e–m17.
5 Of thin consistency, not dense, rarefied; (of a smell, colour, etc.) pervasive or elusive by reason of tenuity, faint, delicate. lme.
b Of fine or delicate texture or composition. arch. lme.
6 Not thick or broad; thin, slender. Long rare or obs. lme.
†7 Consisting of fine particles, finely powdered; (of particles) fine, minute. lme–l18.
1 v.t. & i. Bring (offspring) into existence by the natural process of reproduction; beget. lme.
2 v.t. Produce, give rise to, occasion. Now rare or obs. m16.
A stopping-place, a lodging.
The right of pasture for cattle at a certain rate of payment etc.; the payment made for this; agistment.
1 Law. The real ground or point of an action etc. e18.
2 The substance, essence, or main part of a matter. e19.
†noun 4 and verb 1
see JOIST n. & v.
1 A chisel with a concave blade for cutting rounded grooves or holes. Also, a surgical chisel for removing portions of bone. lme.
b Bookbinding. A tool for impressing a curved line or segment of a circle on the leather; such a marking itself. l19.
2 An act of gouging; a groove or mark made by gouging. m19.
3 A swindle. US colloq. l19.
1 v.t. Cut or make holes in with or as with a gouge. l16.
b v.i. Work with a gouge. m19.
2 v.t. Cut, hollow, scoop, or force (out) with or as with a gouge. e17.
3 v.t. & i. Force out the eye of (a person); force out (a person’s eye). l18.
4 v.t. & i. Cheat, steal, impose upon. N. Amer. colloq. m19.
5 v.i. In opal-mining, make an exploratory search to locate worthless material; dig for opal generally. Austral. m20.
|SUPERFLUOUS||suːˈpɜːflʊəs, suːˈpɜːfluəs, sjuːˈpɜːfluəs||adjective and noun
A adj. 1 Exceeding what is sufficient; extravagant; superabundant. Also foll. by of, din. lme.
2 Not needed or required; redundant, uncalled-for; unnecessary (also foll. by to do). Also, (of a person) doing more than is required. lme.
†b Ineffective, unprofitable; vain. rare. m16–m17.
†3 a Exceeding propriety or the norm; immoderate, inordinate. lme–e17.
b Mus. = augmented 2. m18–m19.
B absol. as n. the superfluous, that which is superfluous; superfluous people as a class. rare. m19.
|SIMILE||ˈsɪmɪlɪ, ˈsɪməli||noun and verb
A n. 1 A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another of a different kind, as an illustration or ornament. lme.
†2 Resemblance, similarity. Only in 17.
B v.t. Pres. pple & vbl n. simileing. Express by a simile. rare. e18.
1 Hist. Of or belonging to compulsory feudal service. m18.
2 Commonplace, trite, trivial. m19.
¶Sense 2 developed from the intermediate French sense ‘common to all’.
A n. 1 An animal which has four feet, esp. an ungulate mammal. m17.
†2 spec. A horse. m17–m19.
B adj. Of or pertaining to quadrupeds; quadrupedal. m18.
a player of the cello L19.
1 The face or front of a building, esp. the principal front, looking on to a street or open space. m17.
2 An outward appearance or front, esp. one which is deceptive. l19.
|ZEALOT||ˈzɛlət||noun and adjective
A n. 1 Hist. A member of a Jewish sect in Palestine, whose passionate opposition to foreign rule led to the Jewish uprising of ad 66–70 against Rome. m16.
2 A person who is zealous (for a cause). Usu., a person who is carried away by excess of zeal; a fanatical enthusiast. m17.
2 w. w. newcomb Dedicated, and single-minded, he became a zealot in his determination to record..the rock art of Texas.
w. styron The Professor was also a practicing Catholic, though hardly a zealot.
B attrib. or as adj. That is a zealot; characteristic of a zealot. m16.
1 = drachma 2. Now rare or obs. lme.
b = dirham. Now rare or obs. m16.
2 A unit of weight orig. equal to the weight of a drachma; an apothecaries’ weight of 1/8 ounce (60 grains); an avoirdupois weight of 1/16 ounce (approx. 27.344 grains). Also = fluid drachm s.v. fluid a. lme.
3 fig. A small quantity. lme.
1 An age of the universe; an immeasurable period of time; eternity; colloq. a very long time. m17.
b Geol. The largest division of geological time, composed of several eras. m20.
c Astron. & Geol. One thousand million years. m20.
2 The personification of an age; Gnostic Philos. a power existing outside time, an emanation or phase of the supreme deity. m17.
1 RC Ch. The vespers for the dead, from the initial word of the antiphon formerly used to open the office. me.
†2 A flatterer, a sycophant. lme–l18.
3 A pill, medicine, procedure, etc., prescribed more for the psychological benefit to the patient of being given a prescription than for any physiological effect. Also, a substance with no therapeutic effect used as a control in testing new drugs etc.; a blank sample in a test. l18.
Sparing, moderate, not self-indulgent, esp. in food and drink.
|DÉTENTE||deɪˈtɑːnt, French detɑ̃t||noun
The easing of strained relations, esp. between States.
1 A short description in verse or (freq. more fully prose idyll) in prose of a picturesque scene or incident, esp. in rustic life. l16.
2 An episode suitable for treatment in such verse or prose, esp. a love-story. m19.
3 Mus. An instrumental composition on a pastoral or sentimental subject. l19.
Med. Of, pertaining to, accompanying, or following childbirth.
|AVER||əˈvɜː, əˈvɜː(r)||noun and verb 1
A n. A draught horse; an old horse, a nag. oe.
†B v.t. Supply with horse-transport. Only in oe.
†1 Declare true. lme–m17.
†2 Prove true; confirm. lme–l17.
3 Law. Prove or justify (a plea etc.); make an averment that. lme.
4 Assert as a fact; state positively, affirm. l16.
5 Assert the existence or occurrence of. arch. e17.
1 Lacking in tact or ease of manner, awkward, blundering; lacking in subtlety or skill, crude, unsophisticated. m18.
2 Math. Skew, not plane. arch. l19.
b Chem. Of a molecular conformation: skew, having two groups staggered along a central axis by (about) 60 degrees. m20.
|TOPIARY||ˈtəʊpɪərɪ, ˈtəʊpiəri||adjective and noun
A adj. Concerned with, involving, or formed by the clipping of shrubs, trees, etc., into ornamental geometric, animal, or other shapes. l16.
B n. The art of clipping shrubs etc. into ornamental shapes; an example of this, a piece of topiary work. e20.
|LEVIATHAN||lɪˈvaɪəθən, ləˈvaɪəθən||noun and adjective
A n. 1 An (imaginary or real) aquatic animal of enormous size; a sea-monster. lme.
b fig. A man of vast and formidable power or enormous wealth. e17.
c Anything very large of its kind; esp. a huge ship. e19.
2 [After Isa. 27:1.] Satan. lme.
3 [After a book by Hobbes, 1651.] The commonwealth, the State. In later use, a totalitarian or bureaucratic regime. m17.
B adj. Huge, monstrous. e17.
1 Make blessed or supremely happy. m16.
2 RC Ch. Announce the beatification of; declare blessed. e17.
1 An ecclesiastical dignitary of high rank and authority, as a bishop, archbishop, or (now Hist.) an abbot or prior. me.
†b A chief priest of a religion other than Christianity, esp. the Jewish religion. lme–e17.
†2 gen. A person with superiority or authority; a chief, a superior. lme–l18.
1 Of or pertaining to the stars. m17.
†2 Starlike, lustrous, bright. rare. Only in m17.
3 Of (a period of) time: determined or measured with reference to the apparent motion of the stars. Of planetary or lunar motion: relative to the stars. l17.
4 Concerned with the stars. m19.
|DEMESNE||dɪˈmeɪn, dɪˈmiːn, dəˈmeɪn||noun and adjective
A n. 1 Law (now Hist.). The possession of real property as one’s own. me.
†b gen. Possession; dominion, power. me–m18.
2 a The land or territory subject to a ruler: sovereign territory; a realm, domain. arch. me.
b sing. & (freq.) in pl. Landed property, estates. l16.
3 a Hist. Land held and worked by the owner for the maintenance of his or her own household, i.e. not let to a subordinate tenant. lme.
b The land immediately adjacent to a manor-house etc. retained by the owner for his or her own use; the park, home farm, etc. m16.
4 fig. A district, a region; the territory or sphere of. arch. or poet. l16.
B attrib. or as adj. Of, pertaining to, or constituting a demesne. lme.
1 Fainting; temporary loss of consciousness caused by an insufficient flow of blood to the brain, freq. due to blood loss, shock, long standing, overheating, etc. Also occas., local loss of blood pressure in any part of the body. lme.
2 Shortening of a word by omission of one or more syllables or letters in the middle; a word so shortened. m16.
†3 Mus. = syncopation 2. m17–l18.
4 gen. A cutting short of something; sudden cessation or interruption. rare. m17.
1 v.t. Cut short, reduce; slur over (a word or syllable). Only in lme.
a v.t. Syncopate. e–m18.
b v.i. Be syncopated. m18–e19.
1 Liable to lapse. Of a person: apt to err or sin; Theol. liable to fall from innocence. lme.
2 Liable to undergo displacement in position or change in nature, form, chemical composition, etc.; unstable; esp. in Chem. (of an attached ligand or group) readily displaced by another, (of a bond) readily broken. e17.
b Psychol. Emotionally or behaviourally unstable. m20.
A (usu. lofty and detached) bell-tower, esp. in Italy.
There are 50 words in the NART.
Estimated Full Scale IQ = 127.7 – 0.826 × NART error score
Estimated Verbal IQ = 129.0 – 0.919 × NART error score
Estimated Performance IQ = 123.5 – 0.645 × NART error score
There are 61 words in the NART-R. Estimated Verbal Scale IQ = 128.7 –
.89 × (Revised NART Errors)
Estimated Performance Scale IQ = 119.4 – .42 × (Revised NART Errors)
Estimated Full Scale IQ = 127.8 – .78 × (Revised NART Errors)
(The standard errors of estimate are 6.56, 10.67, and 7.63, respectively.)